- The first sermon : the futility of human wisdom(1:1 - 2:26)
- The second sermon : life's disappointment (3:1 - 5:20)
- The third sermon : the futility of wealth and wisdom (6:1 - 8:17)
- The fourth sermon : God will take care of life's unfairness (9:1-12:8)
- Conclusion : living in the light of eternity (12:9-14)
Authorship, date, and background Ecclesiastes, meaning "The Preacher", is the title assigned to this book in the Septuagint. The Hebrew title is Qoheleh, which derived from a root Hebrew word meaning "assembly, congregation." The Hebrew title is the feminine abstract noun which may have mean "the office or function of a speaker in the assembly." Ecclesiastes was part if the Megilloth(scrolls) which included Ruth, Esther, The Song of Solomon, and Lamentations. Ecclesiastes was read publicly at the Feast of Tabernacles. The book itself opens with the statement "The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king of Jerusalem".
Characteristics and content The message of this book is that life is futile when it is based upon earthly ambitions and desires. When man refuses to rise above himself and find the meaning of life in a transcendent God, it leads to meaninglessness and frustration.
The Preacher speaks about the human wisdom, education, power, servants, wealth ,pleasure , religion, temperance, and length of days, among other subjects. He concludes that all is in vain. None brings true satisfaction and all men alike go down to the grave. He who lives for any other purpose than the glory of God is doomed to disappointment. God and his will are the highest good for those who seek the best in life and desire the highest possible fulfilment.